Researchers performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published data on the effect of electrical stimulation therapies on spinal fusion. They found significant improvement overall in the rates of bone fusion following a course of electrical stimulation in both preclinical (animal) and clinical (human) studies.
Spinal cord compression—also called cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM)— is caused by any condition that puts pressure on the spinal cord.
Non-speciﬁc low back pain is the type of back pain that neither you nor your doctor can definitively, accurately trace back to its root. In other words, it is not related to a specific, diagnosable disease. An example is a back muscle strain due to an athletic injury or other trauma.
As the name suggests, degenerative disc disease is (mostly) an age-related process that goes on in your spine in which the shock-absorbing cushion located between adjacent spinal vertebrae (bones) deteriorates.
Back pain is a well-known source of discomfort in adults, but it is also being diagnosed more frequently in children and adolescents. Most parents don't expect otherwise healthy children to complain of back pain—a problem generally associated with middle age or later. However, back pain has been found to occur in between 14% and 24% of children and adolescents.